Nankin tamasudare is a kind of traditional Japanese street performance. The name “Nankin tamasudare” is a play on words, as it can mean a kind of flower, as well as mean something like “a wondrous woven screen” (sudare is a kind of screen made by weaving straw with
twine.) The performance consists of manipulating bammboo screens as well as chanting an accompanying kind of poetry. The performer chants a rhythmic poem uses the screen to portray the objects in the poetry. The screen is twisted, folded, extended, etc., in many different ways to portray an object, and then brought back quickly to its original screen
shape. The chant usually ends with a pun: kaeru nai has the double meaning that there is no frog (カエル kaeru) under the willow tree, and the willow tree figure cannot return (帰る kaeru) easily to the original shape. The story ends with the willow tree figure, with the performer slowly packing up the mat after the performance. Nankin tamasudare is said to have been a popular form of entertainment that began in the Edo period. Today, it is performed at Japanese cultural festivals.